Baisakhi, also known as Vaisakhi, is a significant and widely celebrated harvest festival in the northern Indian state of Punjab and throughout the nation. It occurs annually on April 13th or 14th and signifies the commencement of the new solar year and harvest season.

The celebration is both religious and cultural in nature. In March 1699, the tenth Sikh guru, Shri Guru Gobind Singh, founded the Khalsa Panth, whose name means “the pure one.”

Baisakhi? Punjab's Harvest Festival, Vaisakhi, History, Significance, Sikh New Year Celebration, Wishes, and More 2023 2

This is a significant day for the Sikh community as it commemorates the establishment of the Khalsa Panth. Sikhs commemorate the day with great fervor by visiting gurudwaras (Sikh temples), participating in processions, and offering petitions.

Baisakhi is also celebrated by Hindus and other communities in India, in addition to Sikhs. To commemorate the harvest season, people don traditional attire, perform folk dances, and chant songs. In some areas of the nation, people also bathe in the Ganges to cleanse themselves of their transgressions.

Baisakhi’s traditional dishes are an integral component of the festivities. The festival is also an opportunity for people to ignore their differences and celebrate the spirit of brotherhood and unity.

When is Baisakhi or Vaisakhi 2023?

Baisakhi? Punjab's Harvest Festival, Vaisakhi, History, Significance, Sikh New Year Celebration, Wishes, and More 2023 3

Baisakhi, also known as Vaisakhi, is a significant Sikh holiday that signifies the commencement of the Sikh New Year. Baisakhi occurs annually on April 13 or April 14 according to the Sikhs’ official calendar, the Nanakshahi calendar. The date may vary slightly dependent on the use of the Gregorian calendar in other regions of the globe.

Baisakhi will be observed on April 14, 2023, which is the following Friday. The favorable time for Baisakhi in 2023 begins at 5:42 a.m. On the same day, Mesha Sankranti will also be observed. It is a festive occasion that Sikhs around the world celebrate with great enthusiasm. People congregate at gurdwaras, which are Sikh places of worship, to pray, perform kirtans (devotional songs), and enjoy festive feasts with their families. In addition to flamboyant processions, Bhangra and Giddha dance performances, and other cultural events, the day is also marked by other cultural activities.

Vaisakhi Sankranti Moment 2023

According to Drik Panchang, the Vaisakhi Sankranti Moment will occur at 3:12 p.m. on the same day preceding Mesha Sankranti, a day considered by most Hindu Solar Calendars to mark the commencement of the New Year.

Baisakhi history

Baisakhi, also known as Vaisakhi, is a prominent and well-known Indian festival, especially in the Punjab region. The festival marks the beginning of the harvest season and is celebrated with great zeal and merriment in various regions. In Bihar, it is known as Vaisakha, in West Bengal as “Poila Baisakh”, Naba Barsha, or “Bengali New Year,” in Tamil Nadu as Puthandu, and in Assam as Rangoli Bihu.

In 1699, it is believed that the 10th guru of Sikhs, Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji, founded the Khalsa Panth, a community of committed and devoted Sikhs who were willing to sacrifice their lives for the cause of righteousness and social justice. On Baisakhi, Guru Gobind Singh gathered his followers in Anandpur Sahib and asked for volunteers who were willing to die for the Sikh faith.

The formation of the Khalsa Panth signified the unification of the Sikhs and the establishment of a distinct Sikh identity. Guru Gobind Singh also declared that the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikhs’ holy scripture, would be the eternal Guru after his passing.

Celebration of Baisakhi in Hinduism

Baisakhi? Punjab's Harvest Festival, Vaisakhi, History, Significance, Sikh New Year Celebration, Wishes, and More 2023 4

Baisakhi is also significant for Hindus as it marks the beginning of the solar new year and the beginning of spring. It is believed that on this day, Goddess Ganga descended from heaven to earth, and on the occasion of Vaisakhi, thousands of people across the country bathe in holy rivers such as Ganga, Jhelum, and Kaveri to purify their sins.

Baisakhi is a festival with significant historical and cultural significance in India, notably the Punjab region. It commemorates the spirit of unity, bravery, and altruism, and serves as a reminder of the values upheld by the Sikh community.

Baisakhi significance

Baisakhi, also known as Vaisakhi, is a significant festival celebrated by the Sikh and Hindu communities in India and around the globe. It occurs annually on April 13 or 14 and commemorates the beginning of the agricultural season in Punjab, India.

Baisakhi commemorates the establishment of the Khalsa, the community of baptized Sikhs, in 1699 by Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Sikh Guru.

In Punjab, the day begins with a visit to the gurdwara, where people offer prayers and listen to hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikh religion. The atmosphere is festive, and people dress up in traditional Punjabi attire, dance to the beats of dhol and bhangra, and eat traditional Punjabi dishes such as makki di roti and sarson da saag.

The significance of Baisakhi lies in its historical and cultural roots. In addition to celebrating the harvest, Baisakhi is also a reminder of the resilience and courage of the Sikh community. In 1699, Guru Gobind Singh Ji called upon Sikhs from all over India to gather at Anandpur Sahib, where he announced the creation of the Khalsa.

Baisakhi serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by the Sikh community to uphold their values and beliefs, as well as an opportunity to reflect on the Gurus’ teachings and renew one’s commitment to living a life of honesty, compassion, and selflessness.

Baisakhi is an important Sikh and Hindu festival that commemorates the harvest, honors the sacrifices of the Sikh community, and renews one’s commitment to living a life of integrity and service.

Baisakhi importance

Baisakhi? Punjab's Harvest Festival, Vaisakhi, History, Significance, Sikh New Year Celebration, Wishes, and More 2023 5

Baisakhi, also known as Vaisakhi, is a significant festival celebrated in the northern Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh on the first day of the month of Vaisakh, which typically occurs on April 13 or 14.

Baisakhi’s significance dates back to 1699, when the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, founded the Khalsa Panth, or the Sikh community. On this day, he baptized five Sikhs and gave them the title of “Panj Pyare” (five beloved ones), who would lead the community in the future.

Baisakhi is an agricultural festival that marks the beginning of the harvest season for farmers.

Baisakhi is a religious and culturally significant festival for the people of northern India, particularly the Sikhs of Punjab. It is a time of celebration and gratitude, commemorating the beginning of a new agricultural cycle and the creation of the Khalsa Panth.

Baisakhi celebration

Baisakhi is a festival celebrated by the Sikh community in northern India, particularly in the state of Punjab. It marks the beginning of the harvest season and commemorates the establishment of the Khalsa by the tenth guru of Sikhism, Shri Guru Gobind Singh, in 1699.

People wake up early, take a bath, and head to the nearest Gurudwara (Sikh temple) to offer prayers. They also take part in the traditional Baisakhi procession, which is led by the Panj Pyare (Five Beloved Ones).

People also engage in various cultural activities such as ethnic dances, wrestling, and other athletics.

Baisakhi is celebrated throughout the nation with the following traditions and names:

Bohag Bihu

In Assam, the festival is known as Bohag Bihu, and it signifies the commencement of seeding time. It is part of the annual Bihu festival, which is celebrated three times a year, with Kati Bihu and Magh Bihu being observed in October and January, respectively.

Bengali New Year

In West Bengal, the festival is also known as Naba Barsha or Pohela Boishakh, and it is one of the most extensively celebrated festivals in the nation.


Vishu is the harvest festival and astrological New Year celebrated by Malayali Hindus in Kerala and neighboring Tamil Nadu. Vishu is a Sanskrit word that means ‘equal’.


Puthandu, also known as Puthuvarudam, is the Tamil New Year, which is commemorated on the same day as Baisakhi, Friday, April 14th, with great enthusiasm and fervor by Tamilians across the nation.

Pana Sankranti

Pana Sankranti, also known as Maha Bishuba Sankranti or the Oriya New Year, is observed on the first day of the Hindu solar calendar and signifies the start of the new agricultural year.

How do people traditionally commemorate Baisakhi or Vaisakhi?

Baisakhi, also known as Vaisakhi, is a popular festival celebrated primarily in the northern Indian state of Punjab and the surrounding areas. It represents the commencement of the Sikh New Year and commemorates Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s 1699 formation of Khalsa Panth.

Here are a few examples of traditional Baisakhi celebrations:

Visiting Gurdwaras

On this day, Sikhs from across the nation visit Gurdwaras, the sacred shrines of Sikhism, to offer prayers and seek blessings. Special prayers are offered and hymns are chanted in honor of the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikhs’ holy book.


During street processions known as nagar kirtans, devotees chant and dance to the rhythm of drums and other musical instruments.


In numerous locations, particularly in rural areas, Baisakhi fairs are held and feature a variety of entertainment, including traditional dances, music, and sports.


Free communal meals, or langars, are held at Gurdwaras and other locations, where people from all walks of life share a meal as a sign of equality and solidarity.

Taking a dip in sacred rivers

Many individuals believe that bathing in rivers such as Ganga, Yamuna, and Kaveri purifies their souls.

Contest of turban braiding

Numerous locations host turban-tying competitions where participants demonstrate their turban-tying abilities.

Bhangra and Gidda

Baisakhi is inadequate without the traditional Punjabi folk dances known as Bhangra and Gidda, which are performed with great zeal by men and women clad in colorful clothing.

Baisakhi is a jubilant occasion that commemorates the spirit of community, brotherhood, and unity among individuals of diverse backgrounds and faiths.

Baisakhi? Punjab's Harvest Festival, Vaisakhi, History, Significance, Sikh New Year Celebration, Wishes, and More 2023 6

What are the five Sikhism symbols?

The Khanda:

The Khanda is the central symbol of Sikhism and consists of three parts. The central double-edged sword represents the power of God and the ability to dispel ignorance. The two swords on either side represent the temporal and spiritual aspects of human life.

The Kangha:

The Kangha is a small wooden comb used to keep the hair of the head clean and tidy. The uncut hair is a significant part of the Sikh identity and symbolizes their commitment to the Sikh way of life.

The Kara:

Kara is a steel bracelet worn by Sikhs as a reminder of their faith, symbolizing the eternity of God and the cycle of life and death.

The Kachera:

The Kachera is a form of undergarment worn by Sikhs as a reminder to control one’s physical desires and as a symbol of modesty and self-discipline.

The Kirpan:

The Kirpan is a small weapon or dagger that symbolizes the obligation to defend the defenseless and subjugated, as well as the fight against injustice and tyranny.

All of these symbols are significant in their own right and represent various aspects of the Sikh faith; collectively, they provide a potent visual representation of the central values and beliefs of Sikhism.

Baisakhi 2023 – Shri Guru Gobind Singh ji’s Most Influential Quotations, Sayings, and Instructions

  • Only those who have loved will recognize the Lord, says Jesus.
  • “Do not gossip, slander, or be vindictive towards anyone”
  • “Egotism is such a terrible disease that he dies and is reincarnated in order to continue coming and going”
  • “The ignorant individual is completely blind; he does not recognize the value of the jewel.”
  • “It is nearly impossible to be in the present if you believe you should be elsewhere.”
  • “The Lord reveals the Way Himself; He is the Doer of deeds.”
  • “Day and night, contemplate the Lord forever.”
  • “One obtains the greatest comfort and lasting peace by eradicating selfishness within.”
  • “Only he is a man who keeps his word; he does not say one thing in his heart and another with his mouth.”
  • Chidiyan te mein Baaz tudaun, Giddran toh mein sher banaun, Sawa lakh se ek ladaun, Tabe Gobind Singh Naam kahaun.
  • When I make sparrows fight raptors, when I create lions out of wolves, and when I make one fight with a hundred thousand, I am referred to as Gobind Singh.
  • Sach kahon sun leho sabai jin prem kio tin hee prabh paio
  • Only those who have Loved will be able to comprehend the Lord.
  • Chun kar az hameh heelate dar guzasht, Halal ast burdan bi-shamsheer dast.
  • When all other options have been exhausted and justice is still not in sight, it is appropriate to take up arms and fight.
  • “If you are strong, do not torture the weak, and thus do not destroy your empire.”
  • “Do not indiscriminately shed the blood of another with your sword, lest the Sword from Heaven fall upon your neck.”
  • “Meeting the True Guru, hunger departs; wearing the rags of a beggar does not cause hunger to depart.”

Vaisakhi 2023: 10+ Top Greetings, Messages, and Greetings to Send to Loved Ones

  • I wish you a Baisakhi that is replete with happiness, serenity, and prosperity.
  • May this Baisakhi bring you new opportunities and new aspirations.
  • Happy Baisakhi to you and your family; may all your endeavors be graced with success and contentment.
  • Let’s celebrate the essence of Baisakhi with love, humor, and happiness!
  • May this Baisakhi bring you excellent health, prosperity, and contentment.
  • Warm Baisakhi greetings and many blessings are being sent your way.
  • May Baisakhi fill your existence with vibrant hues of happiness and pleasure.
  • Happy Baisakhi to you and your family, and may the divine bounties of Waheguru always be with you.
  • On this auspicious occasion of Baisakhi, I wish you a prosperous and fruitful year.
  • On this Baisakhi, I wish you a harvest of pleasure and abundance.
  • May Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s divine blessings be with you on this Baisakhi and always.
  • Let’s commemorate the vibrant Baisakhi festival with our loved ones and treasure the occasion eternally.
  • Wishing you and your family a joyous and prosperous Baisakhi, and may the festival bring you happiness and prosperity.
  • May the Baisakhi celebration fill your heart and home with love, tranquility, and joy.
  • Let’s greet the new year with a positive attitude and commemorate Baisakhi with enthusiasm and merriment!